The size of the tree determines which felling tools you need to use. For the smallest trees, you do not normally need the felling tools. Hand force is enough, possibly with a long pole. The felling wedge provides greater felling force than the different types of breaking bar. In extreme cases, you can use a rope and winch, which is the safest and most powerful way to fell a tree.
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1. FOOT BREAKING BAR The foot breaking bar is suitable for small trees when thinning. Insert the foot breaking bar before completing the felling cut. Stand with all your weight on the lever arm. The foot breaking bar is generally telescopic and can be carried in a holster on your logging belt.
2. BREAKING BAR A breaking bar is used on relatively small trees. There are various breaking bars with different lever lengths. Insert the breaking bar before completing the felling cut. In order to maximise the lifting force, insert, if possible, the breaking bar in the middle of the felling cut at the very back. Lift with your legs and keep your back straight.
3. IMPACT BAR The impact bar is used in the same applications as the breaking bar. It can also be used as a striking tool when using felling wedges.
4. FELLING WEDGE Felling wedges are best for medium to large trees. They are inserted before the felling cut is complete, and are knocked in with an axe or an impact breaking bar. Several wedges are sometimes needed. Use wedges made of plastic or aluminium. You may accidentally cut into the wedge. It is therefore good to use wedges made of a soft material so that you do not risk damaging the chain.
5. WINCH Used in situations where you need maximum force and safety. The wire is attached as high up in the tree as possible for maximum effect.